An adjective is a word that describes a noun. In English, adjectives must match their noun, meaning they must indicate whether they are masculine or feminine and singular or plural to conform to the noun. We will start this lesson with a video that explains the basic rules for using Spanish adjectives. The person in the video only speaks Spanish, but you can also enable the subtitles (cc) below to translate into English or check the script. This video contains some examples and notes that will be very useful to learn more about how Spanish adjectives work in the language. As mentioned earlier, Spanish adjectives usually have a singular form and a plural form. The rules are exactly the same as those used to form the plural of nouns. To illustrate this, for a sentence like “She is a pretty model”, we would say “Ella es una modelo hermosa”, but for several models we have to say “Ellas son modelos hermosas”. Note that all words, including the subject pronoun and the verb SER, change so that there is a Spanish noun-adjective correspondence and the sentence makes sense. Adjectives can precede or after nouns, or they can be used with verbs such as ser (“to be”) to describe nouns. But (with the exception of immutable adjectives), they will always correspond to the nouns they describe both in number and gender.
**All regular and most irregular present participles and past partipies follow these rules. There are a few adjectives known as immutable adjectives that do not change shape. Most of them are either unusual colors or words of foreign origin. An example is web as in the página web (the website) and las páginas web (the websites). Sometimes a noun can be used as an immutable adjective, but this practice is much rarer in Spanish than in English. Spanish students will rarely need to use immutable adjectives, but you should be aware that they exist so that they don`t confuse you when you see them. English adjectives have a unique form, but in French they can have up to 4 * forms, depending on the gender and the number of nouns they modify: some Spanish adjectives used to describe male and female nouns are: Amable (type), Difícil (difficult), Fácil (easy), Flexible, Paciente (patient), Verde (green). In addition, most numbers, with the exception of number one, that change to UN when used before a masculine noun, and to UNA before a feminine noun, for example “Un amigo” and “Una amiga” male singular is the standard form to which feminine and/or plural endings are added. For regular adjectives**, these endings are e for feminine and s for plural. It is possible to make some masculine adjectives feminine by adding -A at the end when the words end with a consonant, but not in all cases, for example “Trabajador/Trabajadora” (right) and “Popular/Populara” (false). Most nationalities also change gender, including some that end with consonants such as “español->española”. Noun-adjective correspondence is one of the most fundamental aspects of Spanish grammar: adjectives must correspond to the nouns to which they refer both in number and gender.
Some adjectives are used for both sexes despite their ending, especially those ending in -E or consonants, for example: “an interesting libro”, “a fácil examination”, “a chico optimista/una chica optimista”. If the standard form of the adjective ends in s or x, the singular and plural masculine forms are the same. Congratulations – You have completed the grammar quiz: Spanish adjectives Gender agreement. While English adjectives always precede the nouns they describe, most French adjectives follow nouns: choose the correct version of the adjective for the nouns listed below. An explanation of how French adjectives should correspond to the nouns they describe Most French adjectives are plural by adding -s to the singular form of the adjective (masculine or feminine): In French, adjectives MUST correspond to the noun they describe in GENDER (male/female) and NUMBER (singular/plural). In grammatical terms, the correspondence of the correct form of adjectives with the nouns they describe is called adjective conformity. Use amplifiers to adjust the intensity of an adjective: these amplifiers precede the adjective. For example: His house is very modern.
– His house is very modern. Learn more about French grammar with us. Are you still struggling with “Adjective Agreement: General Rules”? Do you want to improve your French? Try our online French lessons and get a free placement! Tips for learning `Adjective agreement: general rules`? Share them with us! Most adjectives must match the gender with the noun they change. When we describe a masculine noun as “Amigo”, we must also use a masculine adjective as “Honesto”. Just like nouns, Spanish masculine adjectives usually end with the -O vowel like “Bonito” and “Creativo”, e.B. “El niño es bonito y gordo”. In addition, some words ending in -R are also considered masculine adjectives. The “normal” form of adjectives, the form found in dictionaries, is singular and masculine. To make the adjective plural, follow one of these steps, as for the production of plural nouns: An adjective that describes two or more nouns of different sex takes the plural masculine form: Most adjectives in French come after the noun, unlike English. For example: Making a masculine adjective feminine is even easier. Just follow these steps: Un taco es una preparación mexicana que en su forma estándar consiste en una tortilla que contiene algún alimento dentro.
(A taco is a Mexican preparation that, in its standard form, consists of a tortilla that contains food. Su is a possessive determinant or dojective that changes with number but not sex. Estándar is an immutable adjective – the same word would have been used with plural or masculine nouns.) The same rule applies to certain articles (the equivalent of “the”) and indefinite articles (a class of words that contain “a”, “an” and “any” in English), which are sometimes considered types of adjectiveswww.thoughtco.com/noun-adjective-agreement-3078114. Some examples of common Spanish masculine adjectives are: Afortunado (happy), Alto (large), Bajo (short), Bueno (good), Estupendo (large), Famoso (famous), Malo (bad) and Pequeño (small) (* Note that there is also an accent tomb above the first -e in the feminine form of this adjective) Most French adjectives are placed after the noun (nouns) they describe. Some French adjectives precede the nouns they describe. (See: French Grammar: Placement of adjectives) Adjectives describe a noun and all French adjectives correspond to the noun in gender and number. The rule that has no English equivalent is that singular nouns are accompanied by singular adjectives, and plural nouns are accompanied by plural adjectives. .