The first activity of the digestive system is to absorb food through the mouth. This process, called ingestion, must take place before anything else can happen. Although the colon has peristalsis of the type that the small intestine uses, it is not the main engine. Instead, general contractions called mass action contractions occur in the colon one to three times a day, pushing the porridge (now the feces) towards the rectum. Mass movements often tend to be triggered by meals, as the presence of porridge in the stomach and duodenum causes them (gastrocolic reflex). Minimal peristalsis is found in the rectal part of the large intestine due to the thinnest muscle layer. Complex molecules of carbohydrates, proteins and fats are converted by chemical digestion into smaller molecules that can be absorbed and used by cells. Chemical digestion by a process called hydrolysis uses water and digestive enzymes to break down complex molecules. Digestive enzymes accelerate the hydrolysis process, which is also very slow. During ejaculation, the smooth muscles of the walls of the vas deferens reflexively contract in peristalsis, pushing sperm from the testicles to the urethra. [8] Peristalsis is a radially symmetrical contraction and relaxation of muscles that propagate in a wave through a tube in an antroggrade direction.

Peristalsis is the progression of the coordinated contraction of involuntary circular muscles, which is preceded by simultaneous contraction of the longitudinal muscle and relaxation of the circular muscle in the intestinal mucosa. [1] Unlike peristalsis, segmentation contractions cause you to stir and mix without pushing the materials further into the digestive tract. Once the food is chewed in a bolus, it is swallowed to move it into the esophagus. Smooth muscles contract behind the bolus to prevent it from being squeezed onto the mouth, and then rhythmic and unidirectional contraction waves will work to quickly force food into the stomach. This process only works in one direction and its sole purpose is to move food from the mouth to the stomach. After ingestion and chewing, food particles move from the mouth to the pharynx and then into the esophagus. This movement is swallowing or swallowing. Mixed movements occur in the stomach as a result of the contraction of smooth muscles. These repetitive contractions usually occur in small segments of the digestive tract and mix food particles with enzymes and other liquids. Movements that carry food particles through the digestive tract are called peristalsis.

These are rhythmic waves of contractions that move food particles through the different regions where mechanical and chemical digestion takes place. The respiratory and digestive system divides the structures at the back of the oral cavity that connect to both the trachea (the respiratory system) and the esophagus (the digestive system). What prevents swallowed food from “getting the wrong pipe”? With each sip, a structure called an epiglottis closes via breathable structures. The swallowed bolus remains on track and is directed to the esophagus. A peristaltic wave may be enough to move a bolus through the esophagus and into the stomach. During vomiting, the direction of peristalsis reverses to bring food back into the stomach, although the training of food enters the esophagus and mouth from the contraction of the abdominal muscles; Peristalsis does not reverse in the esophagus. Most of the nutrient absorption from the foods we eat occurs in the small intestine. When porridge passes from the stomach into the small intestine, peristaltic waves move it back and forth and mix it with digestive enzymes and fluids. Nutrients from the porridge are absorbed into the bloodstream through the intestinal walls Peristaltic waves in the small intestine are smaller and more regular, squeezing the porridge for 3-6 hours before it enters the large intestine, where the final absorption takes place. Peristaltic waves help condense and move waste and indigestible food to eliminate in the colon.

The food bolus causes the smooth intestinal muscles to stretch, which causes serotonin to be released into sensory neurons, which are then activated. These sensory neurons, in turn, activate the neurons of the myenterian plexus, which then divide into two cholinergic pathways: a retrograde and an anterograde. Activated neurons in the retrograde pathway release substance P and acetylcholine to contract the smooth muscles behind the bolus. Activated neurons in the anterograde pathway instead release nitric oxide and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide to relax smooth muscle sewing to the bolus. This allows the food bolus to be effectively pushed forward along the digestive tract. [5] Peristalsis is a series of wave muscle contractions that move food through the digestive tract. It begins in the esophagus, where strong undulating movements of smooth muscles move balls of swallowed food into the stomach. There, the food is swirled in a liquid mixture called porridge, which moves into the small intestine, where peristalsis continues. The human lymphatic system does not have a central pump.

Instead, lymph fluid flows through peristalsis in the lymphatic capillaries, as well as through the valves in the capillaries, compression during contraction of adjacent skeletal muscles, and arterial pulsation. The walls of the digestive canal include layers of smooth muscle controlled by the autonomic nervous system. The alternation of contraction and relaxation of these muscles is called peristalsis. Peristaltic waves push the swallowed bolus into the esophagus. In the stomach, peristalsis causes swallowed food to swirl and mix it with gastric juices. These mechanical and chemical actions further break down food into a substance called porridge. It takes about a minute to chew a piece of food in a bolus and a few seconds to swallow it. Once in the stomach, food takes a few hours to become porridge. In large parts of the gastrointestinal tract, smooth muscles contract one after the other to create a peristaltic wave that forces a ball of food (called a bolus in the esophagus and in the gastrointestinal tract) and into the stomach to pass along the gastrointestinal tract.

Peristaltic movement is initiated by circular smooth muscles that contract behind the chewed material to prevent it from returning to the mouth, followed by a contraction of the longitudinally smooth smooth muscles that push digested food forward. Peristalsis is the rhythmic contraction of smooth muscles to conduct content through the digestive tract. The word comes from Neo-Latin and comes from the Greek peristaltikos, peristaltic, from peristellein, “to envelop” and stellein, “place”. Digestion and absorption occur in the digestive tract. Once the nutrients have been absorbed, they are available to all cells in the body and are used by the body`s cells in metabolism. The digestive system prepares nutrients for use by the body`s cells through six activities or functions. The digestive system includes the digestive tract and its secondary organs, which turn food into molecules that can be absorbed and used by the body`s cells. Food is broken down piece by piece until the molecules are small enough to be absorbed and the waste is removed. The digestive tract, also called the digestive canal or gastrointestinal (GI) tract, consists of a long, continuous tube that extends from the mouth to the anus. It includes the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine and large intestine. The tongue and teeth are accessory structures located in the mouth.

The salivary glands, liver, gallbladder and pancreas are important auxiliary organs that play a role in digestion. These organs secrete fluids in the digestive tract. .